RATS are typically distinguished from mice by their size. Rats are various medium-sized, long tailed rodents with a typical lifespan of three years. If they can get their heads through, they can get their bodies through.
MICE are a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents. Mice can at times be harmful by damaging and eating crops and causing damage to wires and spreading diseases.
The use of carefully placed rodenticide in tamper-proof bait stations is the usual plan of attack, but in some delicate situations where children and pets are concerned, other forms of treatment are used.
Exclusion is the best way to keep RATS and MICE from your residence.
Century Termite and Pest can perform this service the same day you call. We also remove contaminated insulation because of the excrement that rodents leave behind. We install new attic insulation after the exclusion is completed.
The house mouse can produce 8-10 litters each year and each litter contains five to seven young mice. Within 21 days, the young are active outside the nest and within 42 days are sexually mature and ready to reproduce. This exceptionally short life cycle explains why seeing one mouse (or a sign of a mouse) suggests that several are hiding behind the scenes.
Mice aren’t long distance travelers. They stay very close to their nest if food and water are present and, contrary to what you may have heard, they eat very little only about 1/10 of an ounce a day. Their preferred menu includes seeds, grains and generally any food materials they contact. When they do move about, it’s usually under the cover of night. You may notice signs of mice in your home during the fall when they naturally enter to escape cooler weather. You can take several precautions to prevent mice from entering your home:
- Be sure all screens and doors fit tightly and that there are no gaps. Check the space under the door as well. A mouse can enter a hole only 3/8″ across!!
- Eliminate any grain materials from your storage area or house. This includes fall door decorations containing wheat or corn that you may have stored.
- Keep shrubbery and vegetation trimmed away from the house to remove natural pathways into your home. Plants serve as shelter and food for these culprits.
- Seal up any holes on the outside of the building that may allow mice to enter. This includes points where utility lines enter the structure such as conduits for water, electricity, air conditioning, drain pipes and vents.
Wild rats are no doubt the vertebrate group most costly to man in terms of economic damage and public health problems. Unfortunately, the rat is hardy and prolific. He thrives in a wide range of climactic conditions in a great variety of habitats. He adapts well to most man made environments and, in fact, is intimately associated with many of man’s activities and enterprises.
Rats see poorly, relying more on smell, taste, touch, and hearing. The rats physical capabilities, though, are phenomenal and it would be wise to assume that rats can:
- Gain entrance through any opening that is larger than 1/2″ square.
- Climb both horizontal and vertical wires.
- Climb the inside of vertical pipes that are 1 1/2 to 4 inches in diameter.
- Climb the outside of vertical pipes and conduits up to 3 inches in diameter.
- Crawl horizontally on any type of pipe or conduit.
- Jump vertically as much as 36 inches from a flat surface.
- Jump horizontally 48 inches on a flat surface.
- Jump horizontally at least 8 feet from an elevation of 15 feet.
- Drop 50 feet without being killed or seriously injured.
- Burrow vertically in earth to a depth of 4 feet.
- Climb brick or other rough exterior walls which offer footholds, to gain access to upper stories of structures.
- Climb vines, shrubs, and trees, or travel along telephone or power lines to gain access to upper stories of buildings.
- Reach as much as 13 inches along smooth vertical walls.
- Swim as far as 1/2 mile in open water, dive through water plumbing traps, and travel in sewer lines even against substantial water currents.
- Gnaw through a wide variety of materials including lead sheeting, sun dried adobe brick, cinder block, and aluminum sheeting.
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