Bed Bugs are small parasitic insects of the family Cimicidae. The term usually refers to those species that prefer to feed on human blood.
Though not strictly nocturnal, bed bugs are mainly active at night and are capable of feeding unnoticed on their host.
Adult bed bugs are reddish-brown, flattened, oval and wingless. Adults grow to 1/8 to about 1/4 inches (4-5 mm) in length and roughly half that in width. Newly hatched nymphs are translucent.
The life span of a bed bug is dependent on feeding. Although they can live for a year without food, they normally try to feed every five to ten days.
Bed Bugs will shed their skin through molting several times during their lives. The discarded outer shells resemble a clear, empty versions of the bugs themselves. Bed bugs will molt six times before becoming fertile adults.
Bed Bugs are mostly found on mattress but can also be found on furniture and pictures throughout the home and/or hotel/motel. They can live for a year without feeding and they normally try to feed every five to ten days. They pierce the skin of its host with two hollow feeding tubes shaped like tongues.
Bed Bugs are elusive, and this can make them hard to spot. They often lodge unnoticed in dark crevices and their eggs can be nestled in fabric seam. Aside from the bites themselves, signs of bed bug infestation include fecal spots, blood smears on sheets and the translucent molt castings.
‘Louse’ (plural: lice) is the common name for a member of one of more than 3,000 species of wingless insects of the order Phthiraptera. Their color varies from pale beige to dark gray; if feeding on blood, it may become considerably darker.
Most lice are scavengers, feeding on skin and other debris found on the host’s body. Lice generally cannot survive for long if removed from their host.
A louse’s egg is commonly called a ‘nit’. Many lice attach their eggs to their host’s hair with glue-like saliva. This bond is very difficult to release without specialized chemical agents.
Lice are born as miniature versions of the adult and are called ‘nymphs’. The young will molt three times before reaching adult form, which usually happens within a month of hatching.
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